Coastal ecosystems typically occur within 100–200m of the shoreline. Their flora and fauna and physical environments are strongly influenced by salt, wind and exposure.
These ecosystems are at risk of being severely degraded by human activities and feral animals, resulting in weed invasion and erosion. Coastal development remains an ongoing threat.
Right: South of Taieri Mouth, a coastal forest remnant bordering Akatore Creek is protected with a 6.4ha QEII covenant.
Sand dunes, dune hollows, shell barrier beaches, coastal turfs, coastal cliffs and saltmarsh and estuarine areas are just some of the coastal ecosystems protected by QEII covenants.
Find out about four covenants that reflect the wide array of biodiversity and landscapes open space covenants help to preserve by downloading Covenants on the Coast (PDF, 981KB).
Right: A regenerating shrubland and foreshore QEII covenant on the Karikari Peninsula north-east of Kaitaia.
With unique and often rare biodiversity, coastal areas on private land, no matter what the size, are high value prospects for protecting with QEII covenants.
Find out how to protect your special area ...
Open SpaceTM Magazine No. 76, July 2009 © QEII National Trust